Moscow is the capital of Russia. The first known reference to Moscow dates from 1147. It is situated in the centre of European Russia, 8 hours by car or train from St. Petersburg,  4 hours by plane from London, 2.5 hours by plane from Berlin (or 36 hours by train), 6 hours by plane from India, 6 days by Trans-Siberian train from Beijing. Moscow is one of the largest cultural and tourist centres of Europe and the world. There are a lot of different places of interest in the city - various historical, cultural, and architectural sites. The Kremlin, the Red Square, the Bolshoi Theater, A.S.Pushkin Fine Arts Museum, and Tretyakov Gallery are among the most famous Moscow sights. Such sights as the Novodevichy monastery and Kolomenskoye estate are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.